Row of houses

Housing First

Building strong financial foundations through stable housing.

About Housing First

Opportunity:

Build stability in the financial foundations of families in low-income communities by addressing quality and affordability in housing through locally informed and regional collaboration. 

Challenge:

Housing is a regional challenge interconnected with economic well-being, yet it looks very different depending on the specific region, neighborhood or family in need. While many innovations and efforts across the region address affordable housing, these efforts are segmented and may not fully consider the unique history or current conditions of the community. There is a need to recognize the importance of differences in approaches while leveraging collective efforts to create systems change.  

Portfolio Composition:

Investment of $2,425,000 in 15 partners


Systems Change Partners

  • Housing Opportunities Made Equal
  • Brighton Center Inc.
  • Brighton Properties Inc.
  • Caracole Inc.
  • Center for Great Neighborhoods of Covington
  • Clermont County Community Services Inc.
  • Community Matters Cincinnati Inc.
  • Cornerstone Renter Equity
  • Legal Aid of the Bluegrass
  • Legal Aid Society of Greater Cincinnati
  • Lincoln Heights Outreach Inc.
  • Santa Maria Community Services
  • Seven Hills Neighborhood Houses
  • Welcome House Inc.
  • Working In Neighborhoods

Community Feedback

“We must address affordable housing – it may look different across the state, but it is still an issue. It’s foundational. It’s the center block to build upon.”

 

– Community volunteer and leader

 

What we know

Affordable and stable housing in supportive neighborhoods helps reinforce the financial foundations families need to improve economic mobility and build intergenerational economic well-being.

As shown through research, where families live matters. Neighborhoods play a key role in shaping the trajectory of an individual’s life and have an impact on future earnings, likelihood of attending college, lifelong health and criminal justice engagement.[i] [ii] Yet, not all families have access to stable and affordable housing in opportunity-rich communities. Structural discrimination through a range of policies and practices, such as restrictive covenants and redlining, have created inequities within the housing ecosystem inhibiting upward economic mobility for families with low incomes.[iii] The resulting lack of access to homeownership and other forms of capital has led to significant disparities in wealth in Black communities and other communities of color.[iv] Economic disinvestment in low-income communities hinders positive conditions that improve mobility – such as good schools, employment opportunities, access to grocery stores and safe places to play and connect with neighbors.

To improve the economic well-being of our region, we must build solutions that provide equitable opportunities for all families to access affordable, stable and quality housing in their community of choice.

Key Driver: Supportive Communities

Area Pillars: Basic Needs, Financial Stability


Understanding the challenge

Housing is a complex issue. It’s interconnected with the history and culture of communities, housing policies, public and private investment, economic trends, the quality of public education, physical and environmental conditions, good-paying employment opportunities – just to name a few factors. While the overall challenge of limited affordable and quality housing is universal across our region, it looks a little different in each neighborhood and community. Some communities are working to address the housing needs of aging populations and others are welcoming in families that immigrated from other countries. Other communities are tackling family relocation as housing prices increase or public housing units are reduced.

Families with low incomes across our region are disproportionally paying more for housing and are often faced with low-quality, unsafe or crowded housing options. COVID-19's impact on financial security and increased housing competition with limited stock have driven housing prices up, making it even more difficult for families to access affordable and stable housing. For families with school-age children, negative housing conditions can have a ripple effect on educational outcomes such as lower kindergarten readiness, graduation rates and educational attainment at the age of 25.[v] [vi] Poor quality housing, encompassing the physical condition of a home as well as the quality of the social and physical environment, can especially lead to negative health outcomes, including chronic disease, longevity and poor mental health.[vii] [viii]

  • NATIONALLY
    • Low-income renters making less than 80% of the area median income suffer the most severe affordability challenges and reside in poor quality housing at a much higher rate than higher-income groups.[ix]
    • The number of renters has risen since the financial crisis in 2007 and this growth was particularly drastic for middle-aged households, Black households and higher-income households.[x]
    • The homeownership gap between white and Black households grew in 2020. Although homeownership rates rose to 65.5% nationally, rates for Black Americans increased to only 43.3%, a rate lower than it was in 2010. Conversely, white Americans (72.1%), Asian Americans (61.7%) and Hispanic Americans (51.1%) all achieved decade-long highs in homeownership.[xi] [xii]
       
  • LOCALLY
    • Low-income renters in Greater Cincinnati disproportionally spend more on housing expenses than families that own. Nearly 60% of all households making less than $50,000 a year spend more than 30% of their income on housing.[xiii]
    • Data shows that evictions in Cincinnati aren’t spread evenly; 100 buildings are responsible for 26.1% of all evictions in the City of Cincinnati. Ten of those buildings are responsible for the most filings. This pattern holds true in most municipalities. [xiv]
    • A 2017 study estimated a shortage of 40,000 affordable and available units in Hamilton Count for extremely low-income households.[xv]

Opportunities for Systems Change

Community Voice and Assets

Families often want to stay in their community of choice, so addressing housing challenges requires us to make sure each community offers opportunities and resources necessary for families to thrive. Child care, transportation, health care, and learning and work opportunities are important resources for families.

To build sustainable housing solutions, community residents must be at the table to share their needs and build shared visions for their community. Using an asset-based approach that recognizes and builds upon the unique human, social and physical capital existing within local communities, leads to more opportunity to inform, influence and advance solutions for affordable and stable housing.

How might we engage community voice and leverage existing community assets to inform localized housing solutions so more families build stronger financial foundations?

Mental Models and Stigma

All too often, negative stigmas are associated with families living with low-incomes, especially families and individuals in public housing. Reports, articles and conversations with community members document the experiences of families trying to utilize housing vouchers, only to be met with additional fees, excessive rent, refusal or termination.[xvi] Not only does this present challenges to accessing and maintaining affordable housing, but the negative stigmas and trauma associated with living with limited financial resources are harmful – emotionally, mentally and physically – especially when compounded by other forms of discrimination or racism.[xvii] Building longer-term solutions to improve housing across our region will require fixes that shift these negative stigmas.

How might we build new narratives about the importance of affordable housing that seek to disrupt harmful and deeply rooted, negative mental models about families living with lower incomes?

Data from Insights

Income and Housing were considered the top community challenges.

  • Housing should be convenient to other needs, such as child care, grocery stores and employment opportunities.
  • Many participants were not satisfied with the way most community challenges are being addressed. 58% of participants shared not being satisfied with efforts to address the community challenges of Income and Housing.
  • 10% of those surveyed stated the solutions to address housing availability/affordability are not working.
  • The majority of those surveyed agreed there is convenient housing, but communities are more challenged on sufficient financial resources and affordable housing.

References

i Chetty, R., Hendren, N., & Katz, L. F. (2016). The Effects of Exposure to Better Neighborhoods on Children: New Evidence from the Moving to Opportunity Experiment - American Economic Association. American Economic Review, 106(4), 855–902. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.20150572.

ii Orminski, E. (2021, June 30). Your Zip Code is More Important than Your Genetic Code » NCRC. Xi Rotmil. https://ncrc.org/your-zip-code-is-more-important-than-your-genetic-code….

iii Horn, D. (2022, February 24). Segregation in Cincinnati's neighborhoods: A brief history. The Enquirer. https://www.cincinnati.com/in-depth/news/2022/02/23/segregation-cincinn….

iv Ramakrishnan, K., Champion, E., Gallagher, M., & Fudge, K. (2021). Why Housing Matters for Upward Mobility: Evidence and Indicators for Practitioners and Policymakers.

v Gaitán, V. (2018, September 19). How Housing Can Determine Educational, Health, and Economic Outcomes. Housing Matters. https://housingmatters.urban.org/articles/how-housing-can-determine-edu….

vi Palardy, Gregory J. (2013). "High School Socioeconomic Segregation and Student Attainment," American Educational Research Journal 50 (4): 714–754.

vii Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (n.d.). Quality of Housing - The Healthy People 2020 Social Determinants of Health. Healthy People 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2022, from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/social-deter….

viii Braveman, P., Dekker, M., Egerter, S., Sadegh-Nobari, T., & Pollack, C. (2011, May 1). Housing and Health. RWJF; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. https://www.rwjf.org/en/library/research/2011/05/housing-and-health.htm….

ix National Low Income Housing Coalition. (2020, July 6). Housing Cost Burden for Low-Income Renters Has Increased Significantly in Last Two Decades. National Low Income Housing Coalition. https://nlihc.org/resource/housing-cost-burden-low-income-renters-has-i….

x National Low Income Housing Coalition. (2020, July 6).

xi Snowden, B., & Evangelou, N. (2022, March 3). Racial Disparities in Homeownership Rates. https://www.nar.realtor/blogs/economists-outlook/racial-disparities-in-homeownership-rates. Please note that this report relied on American Community Survey data and the authors note that the U.S. Census Bureau has recommended to use with caution the 2020 Census products due to the COVID-19 impact on the data collection. For this dataset, the Census modified their weighting procedures and they adjusted for nonresponse bias by giving more weight to responses from underrepresented groups. Through these changes to their standard weighting process, they have rectified some of the nonresponse bias introduced in the 2020 ACS data due to the pandemic.

xii USAFacts. (2020, July 28). US homeownership rates by race. USAFacts. https://usafacts.org/articles/homeownership-rates-by-race/.

xiii Bureau, U.S. Census. (2022). S2503: FINANCIAL CHARACTERISTICS. 2020: 5 Year Estimates for Cincinnati, OH-KY_IN Metro Area. Census Bureau Table. Retrieved May 19, 2022, from https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?q=S2503%3A%20FINANCIAL%20CHARACTER….

xiv Lab, E. (2022, March 19). Cincinnati, OH. Eviction Lab. https://evictionlab.org/eviction-tracking/cincinnati-oh/.

xv LISC Greater Cincinnati & Northern Kentucky. (2017). Housing Affordability in Hamilton County: An analysis of households, housing affordability, and housing subsidy in Hamilton County and Cincinnati, Ohio. www.lisc.org/media/filer_public/a1/16/a116fbab-4be3-4704-98e6-83f633b7d….

xvi Barron, J. (2022, May 26). The Stigma Attached to Housing Vouchers. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2022/05/26/nyregion/the-stigma-attached-to-hous….

xvii Knifton, L., & Inglis, G. (2020). Poverty and mental health: policy, practice and research implications. BJPsych Bulletin, 44(5), 193-196. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjb.2020.78.

Get the Latest News & Updates

Sign up for our emails and stay informed about how we work with partners and supporters like you to strengthen our community.

Contact Us

Send us your comments & questions!

Your Information

By submitting, you are agreeing to receive communications.

What's the balance listed on your invoice?